The Logic of Maths

May 26, 2014 § 1 Comment

Part of mathematical ability comes down to logic. People who are logical are able to follow mathematical processes and understand the mechanisms behind the question. This is especially helpful when it comes to solving word problems, a particular obstacle to lots of maths students.

Here’s one of the word problem questions from a GCSE Higher Maths Mock Paper:

Janice asks 100 students if they like biology or chemistry or physics best.
38 of the students are girls.
21 of these girls like biology best.
18 boys like physics best.
7 out of the 23 students who like chemistry best are girls.
Work out the number of students who like biology best.

This question can easily get you in a tangle! It needs to be tackled logically. Often, diagrams and charts are a good way to order your thought processes. For this particular question, a two-way table is helpful. We know that there are 100 students in total. 38 are girls, so 62 are boys. 21 girls like biology, 18 boys like physics, 7 girls like chemistry and 16 boys like chemistry. If we put those numbers into a table, we can then work out the rest.

So, the answer is 49.

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